In it, Linnaeus named two entities, Matricaria chamomilla and M. recutita. Seedlings should have a 6- to 12-inch spacing. The first is Roman chamomile (Chamaemelum nobile) and the other is German chamomile (Matricaria recutita). According to the Code, the first valid publication of a name for a particular plant has “priority” over other names. The plant considered “true chamomile” is commonly called English or Roman chamomile. (Remember that there are about 28 grams in an ounce, so this is a very mild tea.) Roman chamomile is native to Western Europe northward to Northern Ireland. Both names have been applied to the plant known today as German chamomile, but for more than 200 years, the plant was officially referred to as M. chamomilla. (Alternatively, alcohol extracts of the flowers are available in Europe—a much more convenient way to take a chamomile bath!). You should test five or ten flowers to be sure, because occasionally a German chamomile flower will be solid in the interior. Examine the foliage of the chamomile plants. Learn how you can grow, use and identify the chamomile herb, includes tips on how to identify different chamomile varieties and using chamomile for tea. Identification: German chamomile – this is an annual plant that self-seeds. Many people enjoy a soothing cup of chamomile tea to forget the stress of the day and get a nice, restful sleep. The second year I grew German chamomile, I found plants springing up along the driveway several hundred yards away! Sweet and like pineapple. German chamomile is a self-seeding annual plant with small white flowers and lacy foliage. In many books published before 1976, the plant is referred to as Anthemis nobilis. named it “plant of the year” (a kind of Academy Award of plants, I guess).5 Today, the chamomile industry is huge in Europe. Edible Mushrooms: Safe To Pick, Good To Eat, Mother Earth News Guide To Growing Your Own Food E-Book, 8 Spaces to Declutter with Smart Organization Hacks, Subscribe Today - Pay Now & Save 64% Off the Cover Price. Chamomile is sometimes known as “the plant doctor”, because it is thought to help the growth and health of many other plants, especially ones that produce essential oils. Anthemis altissima. Chamomile is a small plant 50 cm x 20 cm with a showy profusion of flowers. We will strive to be a useful and inspiring resource during this critical time and for years to come. It looks similar to cultivated chamomile flowers, but without the white petals, and it … Identifying Chamomile There are two kinds of chamomile. This fact sheet focuses on German chamomile. Doing so gives places to harbor insects and diseases throughout the winter months. Like to read more content, Join the Mother Earth Living Community Today. Canadian subscriptions: 1 year (includes postage & GST). There’s Roman (or English) chamomile, a perennial, and German (or Hungarian) chamomile, an annual. Chamomile was described in ancient medical writings and was an important medicinal herb in ancient Egypt, Greece, and Rome. But seven years later, an English botanist reinterpreted the Code and concluded that the correct name for the plant should in fact be M. recutita. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. The German species might be listed as Matricaria chamomilla, Chamomilla recutita, or Matricaria recutita. Both plants are listed as safe herbs, and both plants deter garden pests but attract pollinators, making them excellent companions for fruits and vegetables. For your container chamomile plants, fertilize once a month with a slow-release fertilizer. German chamomile leaves appear very thin and feathery and the stems are somewhat hairy. To date, more than 120 chemical components have been identified from its clear blue essential oil. Chamomile Chamaemelum nobile A small, attractive, creeping plant with daisy-like flowers and feathery leaves.